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Presentations

The seminars are straight forward presentations in contrast to the projects & workshops. These presentations general take up more preparation time and intent to bring a clear story on some aspects of the research.
 

Title   Context   Date   Place
Technological singularity as the emerging embodiment of the global brain: how losing degrees of freedom allows us to gain degrees of freedom   ECCO   1 July 2011   Brussels-Belgium
From master-level Drupal course to micro-spinoffs   Drupal   8 April 2011   Brussels-Belgium
doctoral summer school on technology management   EIASM   2 Sep 2010   Brussels-Belgium
Enterprise innovation planning with social software   ES-NA   18 Sep 2009   Brussels-Belgium
Enterprise innovation planning with social software   IBM   10 Sep 2009   Brussels-Belgium
Enterprise innovation planning with social software   EIASM   3 Sept 2009   Volterra-Italy
Enterprise innovation planning with social software   ISPIM   22 June 2009   Viena-Austria
Enterprise innovation planning with social software   MOSI   24 April 2009   Brussels-Belgium
The emerging of science & technology   MOSI   12 Dec. 2008   Brussels-Belgium
Christensen's disruptive innovation   MOSI   17 Oct. 2008   Brussels-Belgium
Managing radical change by integrating a novelty-action design: a first draft on enterprise innovation planning   MOSI   16 May 2008   Brussels-Belgium
Novelty and the autonomy of useful knowledge   ECCO   3 April 2008   Brussels-Belgium
Agent-based Modeling   MOSI   7 Dec. 2007   Brussels-Belgium
Higher-level cognition and Governing Macro innovations (part of ES Navorsingsdag)   ES-Na   19 Sep. 2007   Gaasbeek-Belgium
Complex-Adaptive information processing   ECCO   07 Feb. 2007   Brussels-Belgium
A network of bootstraps to ground language for higher-level agent cognition   ECCO   16 Dec. 2006   Brussels-Belgium
Drupal as a content-management system,
and its possible application to support ECCO collaboration
  ECCO   10 March 2006   Brussels-Belgium
From Complex-Adaptive Paradigm to Governing Innovation   MOSI   16 March 2006   Brussels-Belgium
A network of bootstraps to ground language for higher-level agent cognition   ECCO   16 Dec. 2005   Brussels-Belgium
The primacy of context:
Framing the rational information handling process of active externalism
  ECCO   29 April 2005   Brussels-Belgium
The CRAB project (part of BeSTin seminary)   DISC   17 Dec. 2004   Brussels-Belgium
CRAB: the "Cartography of Research Actors in Brussels" project   ECCO   16 Dec. 2004   Brussels-Belgium
The primacy of context: bootstrapping from intuitive ideas   ECCO   29 April 2004   Brussels-Belgium

If there is no link in the above table, it can mean that the presentation is similar to an early given presentation, in that case the same name is used. It can also mean that the abstract got lost.

Abstracts

Enterprise innovation planning with social software

Note

This presentation has been given several times during 2009. The first try out for our department MOSI on 24 April. It was formally presented during the ISPIM conference on 22 June. Later it got presented during the EIASM summer school on 3 September, on the IBM-Agoria Round table of service innovation on 10 September and again on 18 September for the "Navorsingsdagen" organized by the Faculty of Economy of our university.

Abstract on 24 April 2009

Enterprise Innovation Planning (EIP) is proposed to manage discontinuous innovation. Discontinuous innovation happens by creative destruction and requires a method of learning which is not yet fully understood. In this presentation we propose an EIP model.

The theoretical grounding of the EIP-model lies in the interdisciplinary study of discontinuous innovation in management, complexity, creative learning in cognition and the history/anthropology of science & technology. The research leads to a systems and cybernetic model we call the Novelty-Action (NA) model that can produce situated and discontinuous learning. NA refers to the necessity of acting, in general, to learn the inherently unknown. With the NA-model two auxiliary learning processes play a major role: mastering and reflection. Reflection allows to imagine but may destruct the link to reality. By mastering you can create, but that may destroy your world view. The interplay between mastering and reflection is seen as a discontinuous learning process.

The NA-model, and its learning processes, is a general system solution. To make them applicable we suggest an EIP. The EIP is inspired by Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) and has a similar purpose, function and structure, but then, for innovation. The EIP should manage creative teams to get New Business Development (NBD). Where ERP was supported by classic IT, we do need social software for EIP. Social software is software that triggers the social reflexes of the user. Examples are social tagging and social networking systems. Approaching the EIP framework as a socio-technical system, in which both social and technical components co-evolve, will allow us to support discontinuous innovation at a collective level.

The emerging of science & technology
The work will be mostly based on Bruno Latour's science studies and Joel Mokyr history of technology. Again we focus on cases. In particular we look at the nuclear chain reaction by Frédéric Joliot and the work of Louis Pasteur. From a techology perspective we look at industrial revolution. In all of the cases, special attention goes to the complex social interactions that creates an institution. Latour defines institutions as the collective of laws, actors, customs, etc. providing the mediation to maintain a durable and sustainable
substance, what relates to his actor-network theory. The cases will illustrate how a complex but stable system is present behind the emerging of science & technology. After the seminary a discussion is planned to relate this an previous seminary to entrepreneurship, IT
management and complexity studies.

Christensen's disruptive innovation
How come good companies fail to stay atop of their industry? With this question Clayon M. Christensen conducts he’s research. The conclusion leads to the concept of disruptive innovation. It seems that companies who have been admired in the past become incapable for the future. The root of the problem shows how the capabilities and successes of a large company is its own downfall. By adding a theory of disruptive growth it becomes clear how decisions (made with the best intentions) lead to a snowball effect and kill the incumbent. During this seminary we shall elaborate Christensen’s work at large, with plenty real examples.

Managing radical change by integrating a novelty-action design: a first draft on enterprise innovation planning (part of ES Navorsingsdag)
Innovation management depends on the quantity of change it produces and the novelty it brings. Incremental growth is based on previous knowledge and can be managed accordantly. When radical change happens, our knowledge system becomes restructured and prior knowledge can work against or stimulate the change. Radical change occurs now by “natural selection”, could we do better? A bundle of state-of-the-art models on innovation raise the impression that we can. The goal is to manage radical change by creating something similar as Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) for Innovation (so EIP). For radical change theory & practice or knowledge & actions are co-evolving, therefore the research methodology needs to be mutually reinforcing theory & practice. The results of prior projects give proof of the methodology. While prior research used innovation management for cognitive research, the relation is now reversed: the novelty-action design becomes the frame to integrate the innovation management models. The design is the outcome of prior research. It has a background in cognition and has been recognized as a central element to create novelty. As the novelty research is itself novel its theory can be applied to itself. From the theory the method of reversing relations is a common learning approach. Reversing leads to an untested concept than needs to be tried out. The research will be to try out the EIP to make both theory & practice more concrete.

Novelty and the autonomy of useful knowledge
The notion of "novelty" and "useful knowledge" has been addressed in my latest paper "Artificial meta-system transition to clarify novelty control" for the upcoming EMCRS conference. In this talk I like to use the paper as introduction. MST has been applied to virtual-control and can be split in lower level (LL), higher level (HL) and meta level (ML) for control. Some phenomena seems to indicate the existence of two "natural" HL control system. The discovery of two natural HL systems does raise a questions on the autonomy of useful knowledge. The talk will use the work of Joel Mokyr (an analytical study of the history of technology) and the work of Bruno Latour (sociologist and anthropologist of science) to investigate the question.

Agent-based Modeling
A research presentation together with Lieselot Vanhaverbeke.

Higher-level cognition and Governing Macro innovations
Governing Macro innovations is a challenge in managing novelty. The term macro innovation comes from Joel Mokyr, an authority on history of technology. He splits innovation in macro and micro type. Currently most innovation management is governing micro innovation. It seams the policy has a counter-site as it is creating a problem for the macro innovations. Macro innovation will require an cybernetic investigation to understand how it is governable. As such the research has to be put in a broader cybernetic research on Higer-Level cognition. My main topic of the PhD is HL-architecture, to make it useful the state-of-the-art control system can be applied to managing macro innovation. The implementation doesn’t come out of the void. Some good practices in innovation management seam to make use of HL-cognition implicit like SCRUM and open innovation.

Complex-Adaptive information processing
Complex-Adaptive information processing or short CAIP is a model to work with data that has no clear of fixed concept. In general any data is part of a complex and is adapting, but we normally frame a context to see some clear and fixed concept. Creating a context is an intelligent process. CAIP is thereby a research on intelligence where we investigate a control-system capable of creating concepts by creating context. The concepts define the behavior while behavior defines context. As a result/reaction the behavior will gets optimized and automated, making room in the information processing system to create new behavior.
From an evolutionary point of view it is clear that having a system to do CAIP would contain a larger fitness than any living-system that would frame a context by natural selection. Therefore we search for the grounding of our model by investigating how the brain-and-behavior provides this intelligent Higher-Level Cognition(HL-cognition). On a society level we look at innovation. Innovation – related to any discipline like cultural, politics, technology, etc. - changes society, it is an extream case of creating context. As such we look on how our model can become a tool to Govern Innovation(G-innovation).

Drupal as a content-management system,
and its possible application to support ECCO collaboration

In the last few years the internet has transformed from a information resource to a collaborative working environment. It started with wiki's and instant messaging, but now we see the rise of several other tools like folksonomy, blogs, podcasting, SNS (social networking systems), Voice over IP, etc. The need for CMS (content management systems) was just the next normal step. Several CMS exist, but now we start seeing the specializations. If you are looking for a CMS to support an online-community, Drupal would be your best choice. For the next one and a half years, I will be working on the http://www.knosos.be project which uses Drupal as basis.

In the seminar I will present some of the features and quickly switch to a workshop to discuss how we can use Drupal to support ECCO in becoming more of an online-community.

From Complex-Adaptive Paradigm to Governing Innovation
No abstract given. The goal was to combine ECCO and MOSI topics

A network of bootstraps to ground language for higher-level agent cognition
We introduce an evolutionary-cybernetic control model for agent cognition, using programming modelling to go from conceptual design to implementation. We show how primitive instructions can be integrated via a bootstrapping network into higher-level cognition. The basic cognitive module loops between the semantic meaning of input and the syntactic aspects of the associated memory. The loop performs a context-dependent focus evaluation. Three context-focus modules, perception, motivation and reasoning, together create the agent cognition. The interaction leads to actions and to a constructive learning behaviour, where the learning will define the syntax.

The primacy of context:
Framing the rational information handling process of active externalism

In the philosophy of mind a compromise has been found between externalism and individualism: active externalism, better known as the extended mind. We propose an agent model with such an extended mind. The simulation is about an agent learning to make tools, as an investigation of the evolution of innovation or creativity . From a biological naturalism and anthropology background we came up with the capability of "external context creation" (used to engineer the behaviour). Although our design starts with the assumption that an agent always is in a context, we show that the context is evolving and needs to be redefined from time to time. In this way it is possible to define the primacy of context, giving us more insight into constructivism and the process of creativity. The design helps us to explain the concrete psychological phenomenon of "change blindness", while raising interesting questions about the interaction between creativity, presence and awareness. While creativity seems to require some kind of awareness, what happens in the model is clearly different from the awareness we subjectively experience. As such the main question of our current research is: can this model give us an insight into awareness?

The CRAB project (part of BeSTin seminary)
CRAB: the "Cartography of Research Actors in Brussels" project
Tomorrow, our weekly ECCO meeting will feature a seminar by Mixel Kiemen about the CRAB project. CRAB is one of several interesting projects organized in a collaboration of VUB, ULB and DISC (Brussels center for the knowledge society), with the intention to develop web technologies to support research collaboration and knowledge exchange within the Brussels area.

You may already have used some of these technologies when searching for information through the VUB library, such as the ADB database where you can search for millions of papers published in thousands of journals, and V-link, which automatically generates hyperlinks from a found reference to lots of other databases that contain more information on that reference (including often the full text).

The CRAB project aims to build a database of research "actors" (individuals, departments, organizations...) in Brussels, summarizing what they are busy with, linking to their homepages, publications, preprints and other relevant information via V-link, organizing them in "themes", and visualizing the arrangement. This should make it much easier to find out who is interested in or working on what within the Brussels research community. As such, it would be an extension of what we wanted to do in ECCO with the "Brussels Complexity" area: http://complexity.vub.ac.be/